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Copyright See-Saw

This is not a fully-fledged blog. For the time being it is not. Much more time would be needed for the operation of a real blog. This is rather only a simple website to facilitate quick and easy publication of studies and comments on current copyright issues. The title "Copyright See-Saw" refers to a desirable balance in and around copyright. A see-saw only functions appropriately if it is well-balanced. This is also true in the field of copyright, but nowadays, when the expression "balancing of copyright" is used, it is usually intended to only mean balancing copyright by means of reducing its level of protection through exceptions, Iimitations, "flexibilities." "externalities." etc. Of course, exceptions and limitations are needed in recognition of certain public interests and legitimate private interests. They are indispensable also in order to achieve and maintain credibility and public acceptance of copyright. However, no adequate balance may be established by burdening only one side of a see-saw. We may only speak about real balancing of interests in connection with copyright if the public and private interests requiring adequate protection and effective enforcement of the rights of authors and other holders of copyright (and related rights) are also duly taken into account. What appears on this website is made available in this spirit. Unless otherwise indicated at the end of a study or comment published on the website, it is allowed to be copied, distributed or transmitted for non-commercial purposes, with due attribution of the source.

Dr. Mihály J. Ficsor

Whoops! There was an error.
ErrorException (E_WARNING)
file_put_contents(): Only 0 of 209 bytes written, possibly out of free disk space ErrorException thrown with message "file_put_contents(): Only 0 of 209 bytes written, possibly out of free disk space" Stacktrace: #7 ErrorException in /home/copyrss/web/copyrightseesaw.net/public_html/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Filesystem/Filesystem.php:122 #6 file_put_contents in /home/copyrss/web/copyrightseesaw.net/public_html/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Filesystem/Filesystem.php:122 #5 Illuminate\Filesystem\Filesystem:put in /home/copyrss/web/copyrightseesaw.net/public_html/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Session/FileSessionHandler.php:83 #4 Illuminate\Session\FileSessionHandler:write in /home/copyrss/web/copyrightseesaw.net/public_html/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Session/Store.php:129 #3 Illuminate\Session\Store:save in /home/copyrss/web/copyrightseesaw.net/public_html/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Session/Middleware/StartSession.php:87 #2 Illuminate\Session\Middleware\StartSession:terminate in /home/copyrss/web/copyrightseesaw.net/public_html/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Foundation/Http/Kernel.php:218 #1 Illuminate\Foundation\Http\Kernel:terminateMiddleware in /home/copyrss/web/copyrightseesaw.net/public_html/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Foundation/Http/Kernel.php:189 #0 Illuminate\Foundation\Http\Kernel:terminate in /home/copyrss/web/copyrightseesaw.net/public_html/public/index.php:58
7
ErrorException
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
122
6
file_put_contents
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
122
5
Illuminate
\
Filesystem
\
Filesystem
put
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
FileSessionHandler.php
83
4
Illuminate
\
Session
\
FileSessionHandler
write
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Store.php
129
3
Illuminate
\
Session
\
Store
save
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Middleware
/
StartSession.php
87
2
Illuminate
\
Session
\
Middleware
\
StartSession
terminate
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
218
1
Illuminate
\
Foundation
\
Http
\
Kernel
terminateMiddleware
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
189
0
Illuminate
\
Foundation
\
Http
\
Kernel
terminate
/
public
/
index.php
58
/
home
/
copyrss
/
web
/
copyrightseesaw.net
/
public_html
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @return string
     */
    public function hash($path)
    {
        return md5_file($path);
    }
 
    /**
     * Write the contents of a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $contents
     * @param  bool  $lock
     * @return int
     */
    public function put($path, $contents, $lock = false)
    {
        return file_put_contents($path, $contents, $lock ? LOCK_EX : 0);
    }
 
    /**
     * Prepend to a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return int
     */
    public function prepend($path, $data)
    {
        if ($this->exists($path)) {
            return $this->put($path, $data.$this->get($path));
        }
 
        return $this->put($path, $data);
    }
 
    /**
     * Append to a file.
Arguments
  1. "file_put_contents(): Only 0 of 209 bytes written, possibly out of free disk space"
    
/
home
/
copyrss
/
web
/
copyrightseesaw.net
/
public_html
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @return string
     */
    public function hash($path)
    {
        return md5_file($path);
    }
 
    /**
     * Write the contents of a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $contents
     * @param  bool  $lock
     * @return int
     */
    public function put($path, $contents, $lock = false)
    {
        return file_put_contents($path, $contents, $lock ? LOCK_EX : 0);
    }
 
    /**
     * Prepend to a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return int
     */
    public function prepend($path, $data)
    {
        if ($this->exists($path)) {
            return $this->put($path, $data.$this->get($path));
        }
 
        return $this->put($path, $data);
    }
 
    /**
     * Append to a file.
Arguments
  1. "/home/copyrss/web/copyrightseesaw.net/public_html/storage/framework/sessions/Khanm7mgAxijnnEVdNLE9IeWWJnPwnh72idekT0X"
    
  2. "a:4:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"Y5ccIn5XsAfXle3q68Ir0gwlka6lVo1kpFWEVsgg";s:6:"locale";s:2:"en";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:29:"http://copyrightseesaw.net/en";}s:6:"_flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}"
    
  3. 2
    
/
home
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web
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copyrightseesaw.net
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public_html
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vendor
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laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
FileSessionHandler.php
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function read($sessionId)
    {
        if ($this->files->exists($path = $this->path.'/'.$sessionId)) {
            if (filemtime($path) >= Carbon::now()->subMinutes($this->minutes)->getTimestamp()) {
                return $this->files->get($path, true);
            }
        }
 
        return '';
    }
 
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function write($sessionId, $data)
    {
        $this->files->put($this->path.'/'.$sessionId, $data, true);
 
        return true;
    }
 
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function destroy($sessionId)
    {
        $this->files->delete($this->path.'/'.$sessionId);
 
        return true;
    }
 
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function gc($lifetime)
    {
        $files = Finder::create()
Arguments
  1. "/home/copyrss/web/copyrightseesaw.net/public_html/storage/framework/sessions/Khanm7mgAxijnnEVdNLE9IeWWJnPwnh72idekT0X"
    
  2. "a:4:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"Y5ccIn5XsAfXle3q68Ir0gwlka6lVo1kpFWEVsgg";s:6:"locale";s:2:"en";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:29:"http://copyrightseesaw.net/en";}s:6:"_flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}"
    
  3. true
    
/
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copyrightseesaw.net
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public_html
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vendor
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laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Store.php
     *
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return string
     */
    protected function prepareForUnserialize($data)
    {
        return $data;
    }
 
    /**
     * Save the session data to storage.
     *
     * @return bool
     */
    public function save()
    {
        $this->ageFlashData();
 
        $this->handler->write($this->getId(), $this->prepareForStorage(
            serialize($this->attributes)
        ));
 
        $this->started = false;
    }
 
    /**
     * Prepare the serialized session data for storage.
     *
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return string
     */
    protected function prepareForStorage($data)
    {
        return $data;
    }
 
    /**
     * Age the flash data for the session.
     *
     * @return void
Arguments
  1. "Khanm7mgAxijnnEVdNLE9IeWWJnPwnh72idekT0X"
    
  2. "a:4:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"Y5ccIn5XsAfXle3q68Ir0gwlka6lVo1kpFWEVsgg";s:6:"locale";s:2:"en";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:29:"http://copyrightseesaw.net/en";}s:6:"_flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}"
    
/
home
/
copyrss
/
web
/
copyrightseesaw.net
/
public_html
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Middleware
/
StartSession.php
        if ($this->sessionConfigured()) {
            $this->storeCurrentUrl($request, $session);
 
            $this->addCookieToResponse($response, $session);
        }
 
        return $response;
    }
 
    /**
     * Perform any final actions for the request lifecycle.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Response  $response
     * @return void
     */
    public function terminate($request, $response)
    {
        if ($this->sessionHandled && $this->sessionConfigured() && ! $this->usingCookieSessions()) {
            $this->manager->driver()->save();
        }
    }
 
    /**
     * Start the session for the given request.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Contracts\Session\Session
     */
    protected function startSession(Request $request)
    {
        return tap($this->getSession($request), function ($session) use ($request) {
            $session->setRequestOnHandler($request);
 
            $session->start();
        });
    }
 
    /**
     * Get the session implementation from the manager.
/
home
/
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/
web
/
copyrightseesaw.net
/
public_html
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
     * @return void
     */
    protected function terminateMiddleware($request, $response)
    {
        $middlewares = $this->app->shouldSkipMiddleware() ? [] : array_merge(
            $this->gatherRouteMiddleware($request),
            $this->middleware
        );
 
        foreach ($middlewares as $middleware) {
            if (! is_string($middleware)) {
                continue;
            }
 
            list($name) = $this->parseMiddleware($middleware);
 
            $instance = $this->app->make($name);
 
            if (method_exists($instance, 'terminate')) {
                $instance->terminate($request, $response);
            }
        }
    }
 
    /**
     * Gather the route middleware for the given request.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return array
     */
    protected function gatherRouteMiddleware($request)
    {
        if ($route = $request->route()) {
            return $this->router->gatherRouteMiddleware($route);
        }
 
        return [];
    }
 
    /**
Arguments
  1. Request {
      #json: null
      #convertedFiles: null
      #userResolver: Closure {
        class: "Illuminate\Auth\AuthServiceProvider"
        this: AuthServiceProvider { …}
        parameters: {
          $guard: {
            default: null
          }
        }
        use: {
          $app: Application { …}
        }
      }
      #routeResolver: Closure {
        class: "Illuminate\Routing\Router"
        this: Router { …}
        use: {
          $route: Route { …}
        }
      }
      +attributes: ParameterBag {}
      +request: ParameterBag {#1}
      +query: ParameterBag {#1}
      +server: ServerBag {}
      +files: FileBag {}
      +cookies: ParameterBag {}
      +headers: HeaderBag {}
      #content: null
      #languages: null
      #charsets: null
      #encodings: null
      #acceptableContentTypes: array:4 [
        0 => "text/html"
        1 => "application/xhtml+xml"
        2 => "application/xml"
        3 => "*/*"
      ]
      #pathInfo: "/en"
      #requestUri: "/en"
      #baseUrl: ""
      #basePath: null
      #method: "GET"
      #format: null
      #session: Store {}
      #locale: null
      #defaultLocale: "en"
      -isHostValid: true
      -isForwardedValid: true
      basePath: ""
      format: "html"
    }
    
  2. Response {}
    
/
home
/
copyrss
/
web
/
copyrightseesaw.net
/
public_html
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
     */
    protected function dispatchToRouter()
    {
        return function ($request) {
            $this->app->instance('request', $request);
 
            return $this->router->dispatch($request);
        };
    }
 
    /**
     * Call the terminate method on any terminable middleware.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Response  $response
     * @return void
     */
    public function terminate($request, $response)
    {
        $this->terminateMiddleware($request, $response);
 
        $this->app->terminate();
    }
 
    /**
     * Call the terminate method on any terminable middleware.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Response  $response
     * @return void
     */
    protected function terminateMiddleware($request, $response)
    {
        $middlewares = $this->app->shouldSkipMiddleware() ? [] : array_merge(
            $this->gatherRouteMiddleware($request),
            $this->middleware
        );
 
        foreach ($middlewares as $middleware) {
            if (! is_string($middleware)) {
Arguments
  1. Request {
      #json: null
      #convertedFiles: null
      #userResolver: Closure {
        class: "Illuminate\Auth\AuthServiceProvider"
        this: AuthServiceProvider { …}
        parameters: {
          $guard: {
            default: null
          }
        }
        use: {
          $app: Application { …}
        }
      }
      #routeResolver: Closure {
        class: "Illuminate\Routing\Router"
        this: Router { …}
        use: {
          $route: Route { …}
        }
      }
      +attributes: ParameterBag {}
      +request: ParameterBag {#1}
      +query: ParameterBag {#1}
      +server: ServerBag {}
      +files: FileBag {}
      +cookies: ParameterBag {}
      +headers: HeaderBag {}
      #content: null
      #languages: null
      #charsets: null
      #encodings: null
      #acceptableContentTypes: array:4 [
        0 => "text/html"
        1 => "application/xhtml+xml"
        2 => "application/xml"
        3 => "*/*"
      ]
      #pathInfo: "/en"
      #requestUri: "/en"
      #baseUrl: ""
      #basePath: null
      #method: "GET"
      #format: null
      #session: Store {}
      #locale: null
      #defaultLocale: "en"
      -isHostValid: true
      -isForwardedValid: true
      basePath: ""
      format: "html"
    }
    
  2. Response {}
    
/
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copyrightseesaw.net
/
public_html
/
public
/
index.php
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Run The Application
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Once we have the application, we can handle the incoming request
| through the kernel, and send the associated response back to
| the client's browser allowing them to enjoy the creative
| and wonderful application we have prepared for them.
|
*/
 
$kernel = $app->make(Illuminate\Contracts\Http\Kernel::class);
 
$response = $kernel->handle(
    $request = Illuminate\Http\Request::capture()
);
 
$response->send();
 
$kernel->terminate($request, $response);
 
Arguments
  1. Request {
      #json: null
      #convertedFiles: null
      #userResolver: Closure {
        class: "Illuminate\Auth\AuthServiceProvider"
        this: AuthServiceProvider { …}
        parameters: {
          $guard: {
            default: null
          }
        }
        use: {
          $app: Application { …}
        }
      }
      #routeResolver: Closure {
        class: "Illuminate\Routing\Router"
        this: Router { …}
        use: {
          $route: Route { …}
        }
      }
      +attributes: ParameterBag {}
      +request: ParameterBag {#1}
      +query: ParameterBag {#1}
      +server: ServerBag {}
      +files: FileBag {}
      +cookies: ParameterBag {}
      +headers: HeaderBag {}
      #content: null
      #languages: null
      #charsets: null
      #encodings: null
      #acceptableContentTypes: array:4 [
        0 => "text/html"
        1 => "application/xhtml+xml"
        2 => "application/xml"
        3 => "*/*"
      ]
      #pathInfo: "/en"
      #requestUri: "/en"
      #baseUrl: ""
      #basePath: null
      #method: "GET"
      #format: null
      #session: Store {}
      #locale: null
      #defaultLocale: "en"
      -isHostValid: true
      -isForwardedValid: true
      basePath: ""
      format: "html"
    }
    
  2. Response {}
    

Environment & details:

empty
empty
empty
empty
empty
Key Value
PATH
"/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin"
REDIRECT_HANDLER
"phpcgi-script"
REDIRECT_STATUS
"200"
HTTP_HOST
"copyrightseesaw.net"
HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR
"3.239.192.241"
HTTP_CONNECTION
"close"
HTTP_USER_AGENT
"CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)"
HTTP_ACCEPT
"text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8"
HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE
"en-US,en;q=0.5"
HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING
"br,gzip"
SERVER_SIGNATURE
""
SERVER_SOFTWARE
"Apache/2.4.10 (Debian) mod_fcgid/2.3.9 OpenSSL/1.0.1t"
SERVER_NAME
"copyrightseesaw.net"
SERVER_ADDR
"213.136.90.114"
SERVER_PORT
"80"
REMOTE_ADDR
"3.239.192.241"
DOCUMENT_ROOT
"/home/copyrss/web/copyrightseesaw.net/public_html"
REQUEST_SCHEME
"http"
CONTEXT_PREFIX
"/cgi-bin/"
CONTEXT_DOCUMENT_ROOT
"/home/copyrss/web/copyrightseesaw.net/cgi-bin/"
SERVER_ADMIN
"info@copyrightseesaw.net"
SCRIPT_FILENAME
"/home/copyrss/web/copyrightseesaw.net/public_html/public/index.php"
REMOTE_PORT
"37263"
REDIRECT_URL
"/public/index.php"
GATEWAY_INTERFACE
"CGI/1.1"
SERVER_PROTOCOL
"HTTP/1.0"
REQUEST_METHOD
"GET"
QUERY_STRING
""
REQUEST_URI
"/en"
SCRIPT_NAME
"/public/index.php"
ORIG_SCRIPT_FILENAME
"/home/copyrss/web/copyrightseesaw.net/cgi-bin/php"
ORIG_PATH_INFO
"/public/index.php"
ORIG_PATH_TRANSLATED
"/home/copyrss/web/copyrightseesaw.net/public_html/public/index.php"
ORIG_SCRIPT_NAME
"/cgi-bin/php"
PHP_SELF
"/public/index.php"
REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT
1614603766.3703
REQUEST_TIME
1614603766
APP_ENV
"local"
APP_KEY
"base64:PgHx+7rs6CDZ60mKRr0ohg=="
APP_DEBUG
"true"
APP_LOG_LEVEL
"debug"
APP_URL
"http://localhost"
DB_CONNECTION
"mysql"
DB_HOST
"127.0.0.1"
DB_PORT
"3306"
DB_DATABASE
"copyrss_web"
DB_USERNAME
"copyrss_web"
DB_PASSWORD
"QUwbgtzInL"
BROADCAST_DRIVER
"log"
CACHE_DRIVER
"file"
SESSION_DRIVER
"file"
QUEUE_DRIVER
"sync"
REDIS_HOST
"127.0.0.1"
REDIS_PASSWORD
"null"
REDIS_PORT
"6379"
MAIL_DRIVER
"smtp"
MAIL_HOST
"mailtrap.io"
MAIL_PORT
"2525"
MAIL_USERNAME
"null"
MAIL_PASSWORD
"null"
MAIL_ENCRYPTION
"null"
PUSHER_APP_ID
""
PUSHER_KEY
"s"
PUSHER_SECRET
""
Key Value
APP_ENV
"local"
APP_KEY
"base64:PgHx+7rs6CDZ60mKRr0ohg=="
APP_DEBUG
"true"
APP_LOG_LEVEL
"debug"
APP_URL
"http://localhost"
DB_CONNECTION
"mysql"
DB_HOST
"127.0.0.1"
DB_PORT
"3306"
DB_DATABASE
"copyrss_web"
DB_USERNAME
"copyrss_web"
DB_PASSWORD
"QUwbgtzInL"
BROADCAST_DRIVER
"log"
CACHE_DRIVER
"file"
SESSION_DRIVER
"file"
QUEUE_DRIVER
"sync"
REDIS_HOST
"127.0.0.1"
REDIS_PASSWORD
"null"
REDIS_PORT
"6379"
MAIL_DRIVER
"smtp"
MAIL_HOST
"mailtrap.io"
MAIL_PORT
"2525"
MAIL_USERNAME
"null"
MAIL_PASSWORD
"null"
MAIL_ENCRYPTION
"null"
PUSHER_APP_ID
""
PUSHER_KEY
"s"
PUSHER_SECRET
""
0. Whoops\Handler\PrettyPageHandler